Website Development

7 Biggest Website Development Challenges You Can’t Ignore in 2022

Each website development project is unique and will have its own set of challenges, depending on the business requirements. These challenges can either be design-related or architecture-specific, but they need robust solutions.

Federation Internationale de Hockey (FIH), for instance, faced many challenges during the 2018 Hockey World Cup.

  • Increase user engagement
  • Modern user experience
  • Architecture that can scale to handle peak traffic
  • Cost optimization

FIH required a platform that could support dynamic content creation and live content during matches. This was without compromising the underlying architecture. Artoon Solutions engineers assisted FIH in developing a caching strategy to display time-sensitive data such as live scores, results, and the latest news.

Further, FIH was using the Enterprise Web Content Management platform (EWCM), which had higher costs as well as dependencies. FIH switched to a Headless CMS, which saved software costs and reduced vendor dependence.

It allowed the organization to deliver content to over 1,00,000.

However, website development challenges can be different for different businesses depending on their business opportunities and complexities. They require specific solutions, just like a lock-key combination. Here are some solutions to the most pressing website development problems and opportunities for your projects.

Top Website Development Challenges & Solutions

Browser compatibility

Website developers often face the greatest challenges in browser and platform compatibility. You need to ensure that your sites are compatible with all browsers available on the internet, and devices with different screen sizes.

This is crucial because legacy browsers don’t support modern layouts, security measures, or features. Internet Explorer is a classic example of a legacy browser that can be a nightmare when it comes to website development. Microsoft announced that Internet Explorer will cease to be available after June 15, 2022, due to poor performance.

Why is IE such a disaster?

  • It doesn’t support Javascript modern standards
  • It does not work with many modern CSS properties.
  • It is slower than other browsers.

This means that you will need to put extra effort to ensure your website works on these browsers. It is important to ensure that your website works across all browsers, especially if you are dealing with legacy browsers such as IE. You will need to address common issues such as:

Doctype error: The doctype code refers to one of the basic codes that legacy browsers check before rendering. These browsers will not render the website if the code is missing, leading to poor performance.

HTML/CSS validation: Different browsers can read the HTML/CSS codes differently. This can present a real challenge to website developers.

Layout difference: Different browsers support different design layouts. Websites render differently depending on the browser’s layout compatibility, which can lead to UX inconsistency.

Solution

These are the solutions to the errors mentioned above.

  • Handling doctype error: Add!DOCTYPE HTML
  • Validating HTML/CSS: To help your website transition to a basic browser style, reset the stylesheet.
  • Layout differences can be overcome by using CSS grids, floats, and Flexbox

Cross-browser compatibility requires proper testing. It can be overwhelming for your teams to test your website across multiple browsers.

Here are some suggestions

  • You shouldn’t test your website in multiple browsers at once. You can achieve more accurate results by switching between browsers every two to three days.
  • Avoid using browser-specific native code as it could cause serious compatibility issues between different browsers.

While these tips will improve your website’s browser compatibility it is still possible to have a poor user interface (UI). The interface is what users interact with when they visit your website. This is why it is so important to have a well-designed interface.

User experience

If you want to provide innovative experiences for users, both UX and UI design must be done together. To create a reliable website UX, however, it is important to align the design process with the desired outcome.

It is even more difficult to synchronize the front and website design if there are separate teams. Website development companies often face the greatest challenge of interpreting what users expect from a website’s UX design.

Although user research is used by many companies to understand customer expectations, it can be costly and not feasible for all organizations.

A responsive design requires front-end development. However, it is important to maintain UI compatibility with different screen sizes depending on the device and browser.

Every browser is different, from mobile devices to tablets to smart TVs. This presents a huge challenge to many developers in adjusting the UI accordingly.

Statista reports that mobile devices accounted for 54.8% of all global website traffic during the first quarter of 2021. Website development teams can find it difficult to ensure feature responsiveness and seamless navigation across mobile devices on such a large scale.

A user-centric design is another challenge that must be overcome to improve user experience.

Airbnb’s User-Centric Design (UCD) disrupted areas of residential in Berlin, for example. The hosts were able to get more information from their guests about how they would like their property to look. It became an Airbnb USP.

However, this led to the imposition of strict norms like Zweckentfremdungsverbot. This rule bans Airbnb operations and penalizes landlords for renting entire apartments. Fines can reach EUR100,000. Because Airbnb listings were more dominant than local properties, strict guidelines were made.

You must create a user-centric interface that is both profitable and that also addresses the unique issues of each location. When designing an interface, it is important to consider all factors that can impact users.

Solution

You need to do thorough research on various aspects such as user location, market demand, and pain points of customers to address the User-Centric design issues.

It’s not enough. It can take a lot of research and brainstorming to create a user-centric design. There are many ways to simplify and improve your user-centric design research.

  • Online surveys: This is a great way to get to know your users through a series of questionnaires that you fill out online.
  • Guerilla research: This is a great option for website developers who need to quickly validate their ideas using in-person surveys.
  • Parallel design: Let teams create alternative designs and compare them to determine which one is best.

You can create user-friendly websites by using the data. This helps you to understand the different interactions users make and optimizes them for improved UX.

Twitter Bootstrap, an open-source frontend framework that uses CSS to create mobile-first websites, is one example. Bootstrap’s best feature is its responsive design templates and grids.

You can also use other frameworks such as Angular or React to create component-based UIs. React offers a variety of components to help you create your UI. Angular has material design components you can use for web app design.

Many website development tools can be used to create a user-friendly and optimized design. Some of these frameworks might not be compatible with your platform, so it is important to choose the best UI design tool for you.

Performance & speed

Any website development company must achieve maximum website loading speeds. Neil Patel reports that 47% of users expect websites to load within two seconds. This is a difficult feat given the number of elements that are rendered with each click.

To ensure responsiveness and faster loading times, you will need to test different performance parameters. You can use a variety of tools to assess website performance.

  • Uptrends
  • Sematext
  • Google’s Web.Dev
  • GTmetrix
  • Uptime
  • Dareboost

The Web is one of the most used tools for assessing website performance. Based on Lighthouse, Dev by Google. Google has identified some critical metrics, also called the core web vitals. These are used to measure website performance.

These are the web essentials that Google has defined.

Largest Contentful Painting (LCP): This measure the site’s loading speed, which should not exceed 2.5 seconds. Google states that your main content must load within 2.5 seconds to provide a great user experience.

First Input Delay (FID): The website’s interactivity is measured by the delay between user inputs and their representation. This should not exceed ten microseconds. This means that the delay between user input and presentation of data on the screen should not exceed ten milliseconds.

Cumulative Layout Shift: This performance parameter is used to measure visual stability. It uses the layout shift delay of 0.1 seconds. Users may experience poor web experiences if the CLS is higher.

An accidental click on an eCommerce site’s “buy now” button can result in you checking out a product that you didn’t intend to buy.

First Content Paint (FCP) measures the time between the moment the page loads and the time it displays the content. The loading speed can be used to measure FCP.

Good: <= 1.8s

Needs Improvement: > 1.8s = 3s

Poor: > 3s

We ran, for example, an audit of a URL on the Web. Dev tool. This report includes performance indicators such as FCP, time-to-interactive, speed index, LCP, and CLS. The average interaction time is 13.3 seconds. CLS and LCP, however, are not up to the accepted standards.

Web. The accessibility of a website is measured by its image aspect ratio and use of HTTPS. It checks for SEO best practices such as browser errors and whether the website is mobile-friendly.

Different interface elements can be used to measure accessibility. The heading elements in this example are not in a specific order, which can compromise the page’s semantic structure.

Solution

Optimizing various elements such as content, navigation buttons, interface layers, and other elements is key to website performance. These are expert tips to optimize your website’s performance.

Code optimization: Reduce the code size by using fewer operators and declarations. You can also keep the CSS code lightweight by loading it within the browser. With JS (Javascript), as the body. 

Image optimization: Optimize the image for speedier loading. You can also use JPEG and WEBP formats if the quality is important. WordPress also offers image optimization tools such as

  • Imagify
  • ShortPixel Image Optimizer
  • Optimus WordPress
  • Image Optimizer
  • WP Smush
  • TinyPNG

Plugins: Avoid plugins that affect website stats, gravatar, font tools, and profile tools. Plugins can cause performance degradation.

Search engine rankings can be improved by developing high-performance websites that load faster. This will allow your website to be more visible and attract more visitors. High traffic can lead to scaling, which may also be a major challenge.

Scaling websites

Scaling websites is all about sustainable performance. Scalability is more than scaling servers. It’s about many other elements. The website’s existing architecture can be a problem for developers, making scaling difficult.

Paul King, a data scientist who worked with giants such as Uber, Quora, and Facebook, says that every app faces four major problems when scaling up.

Search problem: This describes the difficulty in finding the information that a user requires among a large amount of data.

Concurrency problem: Difficulty serving the same data to multiple people simultaneously

Consistency problem: Difficulty updating and representing data in real-time for users

Speed problem: Websites that have to handle more transactions per user request.

Solution

The architecture of the backend and front end is key to building a website that scales. The scalability of the backend depends on the ability of your web servers to handle multiple requests simultaneously, which will reduce speed and concurrency issues.

Artoon engineers hosted the whole CMS (Content Management System), for one of their clients on the cloud platform to enable automatic scaling and deal with search issues by creating advanced functions.

To improve frontend scalability, we also built a component-driven architecture with React. Decoupling frontend and CMS via a headless architecture allowed for the separation of functionalities. This helped reduce any consistency issues.

Security

Website security is crucial, especially since 50% of web applications can be vulnerable to high-risk vulnerabilities. Cyberattacks have increased dramatically over the last few years. 

It is difficult to secure your website. There are many vulnerabilities that you need to avoid. Injection flaws can result from unfiltered data being passed to an SQL server, browser, or LDAP server. This allows an attacker to inflict command functions on the browser that cause data loss.

Broken authentications are another vulnerability. Session hijacking can result in identity theft and data risk, especially if authentication problems are not corrected.

Besides, the Open Web Application Security Project has a complete list of security flaws. This includes:

  • Broken Access Control
  • Failures in cryptography
  • Injection
  • Insecure design
  • Security misconfiguration
  • Components that are vulnerable and obsolete
  • Failure to identify and authenticate
  • Software and data integrity problems
  • Monitoring failures and security logging
  • Server-side request forgery

Solution

Although it can be difficult to filter input data, you can use an advanced algorithm to block malicious inputs. A framework with such security features is the best way to fix a broken authentication system.

Django, for example, offers pre-built authentication capabilities for website development. It is well-known for its ability to facilitate the creation of websites with protection against SQL injections and cross-site request forgery.

To encrypt financial information, consider AES (256 bits or more) and RSA (2048 bits and higher) when developing an eCommerce website. Some payment gateway APIs offer additional protection for data transmissions.

Integrations with third-party parties

Integration of Google Maps API is required for simple functions such as accessing maps on your website. Third-party integrations provide a variety of capabilities, including social media and multi-language support.

Integrating them securely and allowing customizations to fit your site is the challenge. Old APIs can be a security risk and create a loophole for unforeseen problems.

There are also differences in technology between third-party service providers and your website architecture. You can bridge these differences with custom APIs. This may be difficult if your website has a monolithic structure.

Solution

It is best to make sure that your website architecture is compatible with third-party service provider changes. To obtain the full information about the changes required in the architecture and API code, QA teams can collaborate with service providers.

You must also ensure that changes to the API code are reflected in the website architecture to ensure uninterrupted performance. Regular upgrades and maintenance of website codes can improve performance and lower development costs.

Maintenance & Support

Maintaining a website is similar to “Behind the Scenes (BTS)”. The real challenge starts once your website is live. After the website is launched, there are many issues such as unresponsive pages, security problems, slow loading speeds, and performance issues.

It can be difficult to upgrade the website core or update legacy APIs for security. It is also difficult to ensure that there is no downtime during website maintenance.

Solution

Monitoring is essential when it comes to maintaining your website. To ensure that any issues are resolved quickly, you must monitor your website’s vitals. You should also have a web structure that is highly reliable to ensure a faster upgrade.

  • A microservices architecture offers many key benefits,
  • Services that are loosely coupled can be upgraded and maintained individually
  • Data management is efficient when individual services have their data models.
  • Independent services allow website developers to have greater autonomy
  • Individual services make scaling your website easier as you can add resources to peak traffic.
Conclusion

Website development is an industry that covers many areas. It does not only include websites but also includes the development of web apps and other services. Website development challenges include security, scalability and UX design, performance, speed as well as maintenance. Each business has its requirements, which can lead to different challenges.

Artoon Solutions has a dedicated team that can assist you in finding intelligent solutions for your website development problems. Artoon can help you with the right solution. Get in touch today!

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