cancer in india

All you have to know about Cancer in India

What is Cancer

Cancer is a disease where cells divide without control and cause harm to themselves and their surroundings. Cancer is caused by mutations in DNA. These mutations may occur in genes that code for proteins involved in regulating cell division or damage to DNA. Cancer occurs when these mutated cells grow out of control.

For example, if a mutation causes a gene that codes for a protein responsible for stopping cells from dividing to malfunction, then the mutated cells will continue to reproduce and grow uncontrollably. A person who has had cancer would have had abnormal cells (cancerous) removed surgically. However, cancer can return even after surgery.

According to oncologists from top cancer hospitals in Delhi, different organs in our bodies are affected differently by cancer. In some cases, only a small amount of cancer is present and no treatment is necessary. Other times, cancer spreads throughout the body and cannot be cured.

The two types of cancer are carcinoma and sarcoma. Carcinomas grow slowly and spread throughout the body. Sarcomas tend to grow rapidly and do not spread easily. There are many different kinds of cancers.

 

Types of Cancer in India

Following are the common types of cancer in India

 Breast Cancer

Breast cancer begins in breast tissue (mammary glands) and spreads to nearby lymph nodes and bones. Over time it may spread to other parts of the body. It’s the second leading cause of death among women between the ages of 40-55 years old.

 

 Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. In 2012, about 1.8 million people died of lung cancer.

 

 Colon Cancer

Colon cancer starts in the colon and spreads to nearby lymphoid tissues. Most cases occur after age 50.

 

 Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in men. It affects the prostate gland.

 

 Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun. Melanoma is the deadliest type of skin cancer. Other types include basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and keratoacanthoma.

 

 Head & Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancers are cancers that start in the head, face, mouth, and throat. They often invade neighboring structures including the nose, sinuses, ears, brain, spinal cord, eyes, and thyroid gland.

 

 Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop in the lining of the stomach. Symptoms include weight loss, nausea, vomiting, bleeding, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.

 

 Pancreas Cancer

Pancreatic cancer develops when cells in the pancreas become abnormal. These tumors can block the flow of bile and digestive juices out of the pancreas. Symptoms include jaundice, lack of appetite, weight loss, back pain, and sometimes bloody stools.

 

 Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is the twelfth most common cancer in both men and women. About 70% of kidney cancers are renal cell carcinomas. Renal cell carcinomas are malignant tumors that arise in the kidney’s nephrons (the tiny tubes that filter blood in the kidneys).

 

 Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. It develops when cells in the esophagus become abnormal. Symptoms include difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, weight loss, and chest pain.

 

 Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is the ninth most common cancer. It develops when abnormal cells form in the bladder. Symptoms include frequent urination, blood in urine, painful sexual intercourse, changes in bowel habits, and lower back pain.

 

 Testicles Cancer

Testicle cancer is the tenth most common cancer in men. It develops when abnormal germ cells develop in the testes. Symptoms include swelling in the groin, fever, pain in the testicles, or discomfort while having sex.

 

Symptoms of Cancer in India

Following are the commonly found symptoms of cancer in India

  1. Weight loss

 Cancer is known to cause weight loss because of the loss of appetite caused by the disease. People who suffer from cancer lose about 10% of their body weight over time. If you notice that you have lost weight recently, or if you are experiencing any other symptoms associated with weight loss, contact your doctor immediately.

  1. Fatigue

 Fatigue is one of the most common side effects of chemotherapy treatment. Chemotherapy drugs work by destroying cancer cells, leaving healthy cells behind. Healthy cells are responsible for producing hormones, including adrenaline and cortisol. When these hormones aren’t produced properly, fatigue becomes a problem.

  1. Nausea

 Nausea is the feeling of sickness and discomfort in the stomach area. It’s commonly felt after eating something that disagrees with you. In addition to nausea, some people experience vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, headaches, and dizziness. These symptoms may occur at different times throughout the day.

  1. Hair Loss

 Hair loss is one of the first signs of cancer. As hair follicles are affected by chemotherapy, they stop producing hair. Hair loss occurs in several forms, including thinning hair, bald spots, and complete loss of hair.

  1. Mouth Sores

 Mouth sores are painful ulcers on the inside of the mouth. They often appear in clusters and are contagious. Cancer treatments may cause mouth sores as well.

  1. Swollen Lymph Nodes

 Lymph nodes are small glands located throughout the body that filter out bacteria, viruses, and other foreign particles. A swollen lymph node indicates that your immune system isn’t working correctly. Your doctor may recommend testing to determine whether your lymph nodes are infected.

  1. Painful Breaks

 When cancer spreads to bones, it causes bone breaks. Bone breaks are extremely painful. You may feel sharp pains in your joints, especially the knees, hips, elbows, and ankles.

 

Precaution of Cancer

Following are the precaution you have made for cancer in India

  1. Avoid smoking/vaping

 Cannabis smoke contains many toxic chemicals and carcinogens. Smoking marijuana increases lung cancer risk. Vaping marijuana increases respiratory tract infections, including pneumonia. Both forms of consumption increase the risks of stroke, heart attack, and death. In addition to these risks, smoking marijuana may impair short-term memory, concentration, coordination, and motor skills. Marijuana use may cause dependence, addiction, and withdrawal symptoms. If you already have a serious medical condition, especially if it affects your lungs, liver, or kidneys, talk to your doctor before using marijuana.

  1. Don’t drink alcohol

 Alcohol is a depressant and causes impairment in judgment. Drinking alcohol while under the influence of marijuana may lead to accidents and injuries. Alcohol interferes with the body’s ability to metabolize THC (the active ingredient in marijuana), causing users to experience higher levels of intoxication than they would otherwise.

  1. Limit caffeine intake

 Caffeine is a diuretic and dehydrates the body. Caffeine taken with marijuana increases the effects of both substances. Taking high doses of caffeine makes people more likely to engage in risky behaviors, such as driving after drinking coffee. Also, caffeine reduces sleep quality and quantity. People who consume caffeine regularly should cut back on their intake of caffeinated beverages.

  1. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables

 Fruits and vegetables provide antioxidants that help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules that can harm DNA and cause mutations. Antioxidants neutralize free radicals, protecting the body’s cells from damage. Eating antioxidant-rich foods helps reduce the amount of free radical activity in the body. Fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants, including vitamin A, beta carotene, lycopene, lutein, and zeaxanthin.

  1. Reduce inflammation

 Inflammation is the body’s natural immune response to injury. Inflammation occurs when white blood cells rush to the site of infection or injury. However, chronic inflammation damages tissue and can lead to disease. Chronic inflammation can occur from environmental factors, such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, and heavy metals, or from internal factors, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

  1. Exercise regularly

 Physical exercise lowers blood pressure and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. Regular physical activity also promotes weight loss. Exercise reduces stress, boosts mood, and improves sleep. Physical activity also stimulates endorphins, brain chemical messengers that give you a feeling of well-being.

  1. Maintain a healthy weight

 Being overweight puts extra strain on the joints and muscles. Excess pounds also put added stress on the heart. Being overweight raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and some types of cancer. Exercise and a proper diet can help control weight.

 

You can also read: What hematologists Do

About ilhamshiekh07

Dear Friends: Thank you for looking at my profile. Oncologist (cancer physician) Ilham Sheikh practices in Fortis Gurgaon. I have been treating cancer for more than 5 years, and I also enjoy disseminating information about the disease. You can visit my website if you have cancer and need to find a doctor.

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