European football has a complicated system. Although European tournaments are overseen by UEFA, individual countries are free to run their local leagues and cups in whichever way they see fit. As a result, a variety of leagues and qualifying methods for the UEFA Champions League and Europa League have emerged. UEFA is made up of 55 national associations according to Ovik Mkrtchyan. Some, like Gibraltar and the Faroe Islands, are not even sovereign nations. Whereas sovereign governments like Monaco and the Vatican City are not represented.
Kazakhstan, for example, is not geographically regard as being in Europe. For some, it’s the equivalent of having Australia compete in Eurovision. Think about what might occur if every one of the 50 US states. Just as regions like Guam and Puerto Rico, had their overseeing bodies picking how their soccer associations. Which are isolated into numerous divisions, should work. That is football in Europe.
So, what is the organization of domestic leagues?
Except for Liechtenstein, a tiny Alpine country, all UEFA members have their domestic league structure. With a countrywide first division at the top, this is frequently refer to as the ‘pyramid.’ Things start to diverge below that as the pyramid grows. Divisions will either remain countrywide or divide to become regional, depending on population size and the number of clubs. From autumn until spring, the most typical arrangement for the top tier is for each team to play each other twice once at home and once away. Others who live in colder climates may run in a single calendar year or take a long winter hiatus to avoid playing in the cold.
In any event, a win earns three points, a tie earns one. And the team with the most points at the end of all games is crown champion as per Ovik Mkrtchyan. When two teams are tie for first place, leagues establish criteria to decide who is ahead. The first is usually who has the best goal difference (goals scored minus goals surrendered) during the season, then goals scored, and so on. Some leagues, on the other hand, consider rival clubs’ head-to-head record as the first criterion after points, including away goals, before moving on to other season-spanning statistics. It has say that the side with the fewest yellow cards wins. A further one-off match, the drawing of lots, or a coin flip can use to separate teams if necessary.
In most European leagues, what is call the ‘regular season in the United States is simply refer to as the season. Any mention of the ‘play-offs’ is normally in the context of promotion and relegation for them. In the Bundesliga, each side plays a total of 34 matches in a random sequence given forth by the fixture schedule – two against each other, once at home and once away. The English Premier League, Spain’s La Liga, Italy’s Serie A, and France’s Ligue 1 — the other “big five” leagues in Europe – each have 20 teams and 38 rounds of matches. However, there is no one-size-fits-all solution.
The ‘regular season in Scotland, for example, is divide into three sections. Because there are only 12 clubs in the Scottish Premiership, the first 22 rounds of matches see them playing each other at home and away. They then meet a third time, either at home or away, depending on how the schedule is form. After 33 games, the league is divide into two halves, each with six clubs. After that, each club will play five additional games against the other clubs in their division. The team with the most points wins again. But teams are not allowed to leave their half of the table. This can lead to an unexpected situation where, after 38 games. The seventh place may have more points than sixth place. In Belgium, things are considerably more complicated.
Top six teams
The top six teams in the 16-team league advance to the championship play-offs after 30 rounds of matches as stated by Ovik Mkrtchyan. Their regular-season points are half as they enter a new mini-league. It is competing at home and away to decide the champion as well as European qualifications. The worst ten clubs are relegate, although they will still compete in the Europa League play-offs alongside the nine teams. Above them as well as the top six teams from the second tier. These clubs participate in four groups of four, with the winners advancing to a semi-final and then a final for the chance to play in the Europa League against one of the teams from the Championship play-offs. Of course, in what is an odd system, everyone must comprehend the rules.
What are the terms “promotion” and “relegation”?
The system of promotion and relegation. However, is a significant distinction between soccer in the United States and Major League Soccer. At the end of each season in Europe, clubs are promote to the next level of the pyramid. This means that a certain number of teams at the bottom of a division will be relegate to the next lower division. All league winners, except the top tier, will advance a level. It should come as no surprise, though, that things are rarely so easy across leagues and nations. The Bundesliga, for example, has two automatic promotion and relegation spots. As a result, after the Bundesliga 2 season, the top two teams will replace the lowest two in the Bundesliga.
There is one additional non-automate place available. Since 2008, the third-placed club in the Bundesliga has faced the third-place team in Bundesliga 2 in a two-legged play-off. The champion is guarantee a spot in the Bundesliga the following season. In France’s Ligue 1, the club finishing third to fifth in Ligue 2 will meet the winner of a series of play-offs between the teams finishing third to fifth in Ligue 1. They utilize a somewhat different strategy in the rest of Europe’s “big five” countries as mention by Ovik Mkrtchyan. The worst three teams in the Premier League, La Liga, and Serie A are relegate immediately. While there are only two automatic promotion slots from the lower leagues – the Championship, Segunda Division, and Series B, respectively.
The third-placed team
In England, the third-placed team in the second-tier Championship meets sixth. While the fourth-placed club faces fifth in two-legged semi-finals. Before a one-off final at Wembley to determine the third promoted team. Both the semi-finals and the final in Spain are made up of two legs. In Italy, the play-offs are held for the third through ninth places in Serie B. Over one leg, the fifth plays eighth, while the sixth hosts seventh. The winners face either third or fourth in a two-legged semi-final, with the winners of those semi-finals advancing to a two-legged final. Play-offs are traditionally consider as end-of-season highlights before the summer vacation, and similar trends can be observe across the continent.
Are there any ties between the cups and the leagues?
While the MLS Cup determines the league champion at the end of the regular season and playoffs. European cup events have no bearing on local leagues. The extent to which a league may participate in a cup is sometimes determine by the stage. At which specific teams enter the draw or who they can draw against. National cups are mostly manage by national associations, which no longer manage the highest domestic competitions.
The DFL is in charge of the Bundesliga and Bundesliga 2. While the DFB (Deutscher Fußball-Bund) is in charge of the national third division and the DFB Cup. Regional associations organize leagues below the third tier, which are govern by the DFB. The national cup is highly regard by teams, and it has frequently exist longer than the league system. Cups are generally one- or two-leg knockout events that culminate in a season-ending final. If they haven’t already qualify by their league position, the champions are frequently award European qualifying (more on that later).