Symptoms of stomach hernia
Symptoms of Stomach Hernia You Need To Know

Top symptoms of stomach hernia that you need to know

A stomach hernia is a condition when contents of the stomach protrude out in the chest wall through an opening called hiatus. In general, our diaphragm, which is a breathing muscle, is present at the base of the chest wall. food pipe i.e oesophagus traces between the two lungs and enters the abdomen via openings and ends in the stomach. During a stomach hernia, the lower part of the Oesophagus usually pushes into the chest wall through the diaphragm. Usually patient present with varied symptoms or no symptoms at all for acute cases, severe cases presents with symptoms of stomach hernia are:

  • backflow of gastric acid into the Oesophagus.
  • abdominal pain , chest pain
  • regurgitation of stomach content
  • feeling of fullness
  • difficulty sleeping at night
  • vomiting nausea
  • heartburn
  • frequent burps

There’s no specific or definite cause, it can be caused due to weak muscles, which can lead to protection of the Oesophagus into the chest wall through a weak diaphragm. or due to the ageing process which causes natural degeneration of muscles, trauma can cause pushing of abdominal content into the chest wall, or due to neonatal enlarged hiatus which persists for a lifetime or a process that causes intense pressure like coughing, vomiting, etc.

Various types of hernia in Stomach

Usually, stomach hernia or hiatal hernia can be of varied forms. it can be classified as :

Sliding hiatal hernia: When the Oesophagus and stomach meet it’s called the esophageal gastric junction ( EGJ). when this junction is located above the diaphragmatic hiatus or opening and the oesophagus is above the gastric fundus. In this case, the lower part of the oesophagus and upper part of the stomach slides into the chest wall via the diaphragm.

Paraesophageal hiatal hernia: It’s one of the types of hernia, when the oesophagus gastric junction is located below or at the level of diaphragmatic opening ( hiatus). It causes a complicated situation in which part of the stomach pouches out of hiatus and sits in the chest wall alongside the oesophagus. It can hamper the blood supply to the stomach. and can later cause cell death. It is a more dangerous type of hiatal hernia, sometimes also known as a strangulated hernia.

Mixed hiatal hernia: It is when the esophageal gastric junction is above the diaphragmatic hiatus and towards the lower esophageal sphincter. which can narrow down the oesophagus and herniate the stomach parts into the chest wall.

Treatment required for hiatal hernia: Most of the time hiatal hernia is not fatal and can remain asymptomatic for a long time. People might experience mild acid refluxes or symptoms of stomach hernia which can be treated with antacids and other appropriate medicines. Symptomatic relief for the condition might be prescribed by your doctor like proton pump inhibitors, antacids, muscle relaxants, prokinetics, etc.

Why choose Georgia Top Surgeons?

We have an excellent team of surgeons in Georgia with years of experience in handling hernia, its treatment. Whether its simple symptoms or complicated severe hernia cases, our doctors use the latest techniques and technology to help you.

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