Turmeric Cultivation in India with Complete Information

Turmeric Cultivation in India with Complete Information

Turmeric is cultivated for spice crops. Besides this, turmeric is also used to prepare many medicines. Its production is obtained in the form of tubers. People of Indian Hindu society also use turmeric in religious rituals. The rituals of turmeric are performed mainly in the atmosphere of marriage. You can get many beneficial properties in turmeric. Its tuber contains curcumin, and all origin is also extracted from it. Moreover, starch is also found in turmeric in high quantities.

Apart from this, sufficient amounts of protein, fat, water, carbohydrate, fiber and mineral salts are also found in it. Turmeric also has an important place in Ayurvedic treatment and is also used in large quantities to make Ayurvedic medicines. Due to consuming turmeric with milk, it can heal all your internal injuries faster. Regarding turmeric production, India ranks first in the world and is said to be the largest exporter. 

Soil, Climate and Temperature

Fertile soil is required for turmeric cultivation. Turmeric production can be achieved in large quantities in sandy loam soil with proper drainage. Turmeric plants require a warm and humid climate. But the hot and cold environment is harmful to its crops. Therefore, its seeds should initially have a temperature of 20 degrees to germinate, and plants need an average temperature to grow. Moreover, the excellent farming process of the Mahindra Yuvo 575 tractor is best as it is efficient. And the tractor price is also economical for farmers. 

Field Preparation and Fertiliser

Before harvesting turmeric, clean the field thoroughly and prepare it. Then, put 25 carts of old cow dung manure in the field and mix it well in the soil. After that, apply water to the area. After a few days of watering, when the field becomes dry, do two to three slant ploughing of the field, this will break the earthen lumps present in the area, and the soil will become friable. Finally, the field is levelled by placing a pad in the friable soil. The problem of water logging is not seen in flat areas.

As chemical fertilisers in the turmeric field, 100 kg nitrogen, 80 kg potash, 40 kg phosphorus and 25 kg zinc have to be sprayed at the time of the last ploughing of the field at the rate per hectare. After this, seeds have germinated. By dividing the quantity into three equal parts, one part must be sprayed in the field. 

Planting Method 

Two methods are used for transplanting turmeric seeds. In the first method, the seeds have to be planted on the ready bund in the field. The seeds are planted on these ridges at a distance of 20 cm. After this, dry these treated seeds by keeping them in a shady place and then transplant the seeds. For better germination, the Massey 7250 tractor model is best. And it is affordable for farmers. 

The month of May is considered the best for sowing its seeds. But if you want, you can plant the roots till the beginning of June. During this rainy season, the seeds get a suitable temperature to germinate.

Irrigation 

Turmeric seeds are planted during the rainy season. Hence they do not require initial irrigation. If no rain occurs, water must be applied in the farms. After the rainy season, the turmeric plants are irrigated for 25 days. Only 4 to 5 irrigations are done in its crop.

Weed Control

Weeding is done for weed control on turmeric plants. It is essential to remove weeds in its crop. Therefore, a maximum of 3 to 4 hoeing must be done in the turmeric crop.

Turmeric Crop

The turmeric crop is ready for digging after 7 months. When the leaves of its plants start appearing dry, during that time, the tubers are excavated. Apply water to the field before removing the tubers. After removing the tubers, wash them thoroughly with water, and dry them properly in the shade. After drying, they are sent to be sold in the market.

Mix 10 grams of sodium bicarbonate per liter by adding it to boiling water. After that, put these tubers in the same, then take them out of the water and dry them in a properly shady place. This makes the colour of turmeric look attractive.

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