What Are STD Tests and Who Needs STD Screening?

STD is the abbreviated form of sexually transmitted diseases. These diseases are chlamydia, gonorrhoea, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), syphilis, hepatitis, genital herpes, HPV (human papillomavirus), and AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). In realty, these diseases or infections occur to persons who are highly active in their sexual life or multiple sexual partners. 

STD tests 

If you notice any sign or have physical intimacy with an unknown person without using any protective measure, you must have an STD test in Delhi or your locality. A respective doctor doctor will conduct a physical examination to look for signs and recommend a few lab tests or screenings that could be:

  • Blood tests – for the confirmation of diagnosis of HIV and later phases of syphilis 
  • Urine tests – to confirm some STIs (sexually transmitted infections) through urine sample examination 
  • Fluid tests – in the case of genital infection or sores, experts take fluid samples from the infected area for lab examination 

Who needs STD screening 

Doctors recommend STD or STI screening or test to a person with no visible sign. STD screening is not a routine part of general health care. Experts recommend it to:

  • Everyone – Doctors state that everyone between the age group of 13 and 64 years should have a saliva or blood test for the detection of HIV that causes AIDS. As per them, people with a higher risk should have this test each year. 
  • People born between 1945 and 1965 – People born between 1945 and 1965 have a higher risk of hepatitis C. As this disease has no visible signs in early days, everyone of that period must have an STD test.   
  • Pregnant women – Usually, gynaecologists recommend all pregnant women for hepatitis B, HIV, syphilis, chlamydia at their first prenatal consultation. They recommend tests for hepatitis C and gonorrhoea to pregnant women who are at a higher risk of having respective infections. 
  • Women of 21 or older – Gynaecologists or obstetricians suggest a Pap test to females older than 21 to examine the changes in the cervical cells. The changes could be cervical cancer buildup, precancerous, and inflammation. As per the experts, women should have a Pap test every three years as they cross 21 and an HPV and Pap test every five years as they turn 30. 
  • Women under 25 but highly sexually active – All sexually active women under 25 should have a test for chlamydia infection. In the test, lab experts ask females for their urine or vaginal fluid sample.   
  • Men who make love with men – In comparison with others, men who sex with males/men have a higher risk of STIs. Gay males with multiple partners need to test for syphilis, HIV, gonorrhoea, and chlamydia regularly. Men with same sex life should also test for hepatitis B.   
  • People with HIV – People of any age or sex have a higher risk of catching other sexually transmitted diseases if they have HIV. Experts recommend immediate screening for syphilis, gonorrhoea, herpes, and chlamydia at the time of HIV diagnosis. And women with HIV have a higher risk of having cervical cancer. So, experts suggest a Pap test at the time of HIV diagnosis or within a year of being sexually active and making love with more than one partner.   
  • Individual with a new sexual partner – Both partners should test for STDs if they are new to each other and going to have oral or vaginal intercourse. Even if they are using protective means such as condoms and dental dams.    

Conclusion 

Usually, STD tests are crucial for all who live a highly sexual life and have multiple sexual partners. Having an idea about STD tests and who need the same will help you stay safe from sexually transmitted diseases or infections. Early detection and treatment will help you live a healthy life.

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